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2009年○月○日  第10回 ○○セミナー
<<Oriental beauty 'Helleborus thibetanus'>>

Takako Noguchi


I visited to see Helleborus thibetanus in China, Sichan Province and Gansu Province from March 11th to 17th, 2018.
This time, the journey was organized by the joint plan of Japan Christmas Rose Society and Japan Thinetanus Society.

Helleborus thibetanus is the only type of ‘Helleborus that exsits in China, while many other species grow naturally in Europe.
Helleborus thibetanus is exotic and attracts many people.

How delicate the petals (which actually are Sepals) are!

The petals are truely beautiful, transparent and silky like dragonflies or a chiffon blouse!
Its beauty stands out among other species, but on the other hand it is said to be difficult to grow them.

~Traveling the silk road ~
I was certain that I would find hints and learn how to grow them by the sites of
Helleborus thibetanus .

Seeing is believing...

There were 2 inspection sites, Sichan Province and Gansu Province.

(1) Sichan Province. 「鄭池講」(Teikekou)

5-6 hours by bus from the city of Chengdou 「成都」

Altitude 2700m and annual precipitation 1000-1200 millimeters.
Father David (Armand David) who had found Helleborus thibetanus had a scientific mission to find minerals, animals, and plants.
He is also known as the man who found the Giant Panda.

The bronze statue of the Father and Panda can be found in front of the church.

The first visit site which was the National Park is just several minutes by bus from the monument.

Generally speaking, in China, plants are used for Chinese medicine.
And they are valued highly.
Maybe because the site is filled with Park Wood.

When considering the character Helleborus thibetanus in this area, I had the impression of larger flowers and thicker stems.


Common places and points/features where they could be seen were:
① Locations with much light and half shade.

② Blooming in open shores and ridges along rivers.

③ The soil seemed rather moist and slightly clay-like.

Helleborus thibetanus flowered together with the Primula Moupinensis which can only be seen here in China.

(2) We moved to the city of Xian by airplane.
6 hours by bus to Tin Shui which was the second site of Helleborus thibetanus.

A plateau by the name of ‘Loess Plateau’ could be seen from the car window.

Fields of rapeseed could be seen in this area.

Here, it rains 500 millimeters a year and the amount of rainfall of Tin Shui is about half the amount of Sichan area.
Therefore, it's possible to grow rice in Sichan Province, but the agriculture in Tin Shui is wheat cultivation.
Taking in consideration the climate and landscape, we had a nice lunch with bread at the farm restaurant.


Maybe it is related to the amount of rainfall, Helleborus thibetanus in Tin Shui was slightly smaller.

Also, we happened to see Anemone Nikoensis flowering with them here and there.


Flowering along the riverside, they seemed to prefer places that are not too dark, but not too bright, getting little sunlight through the leaves of trees.

They could be seen in locations with much light and half shade.

Through this journey, we experienced such precious moments in China.
Helleborus thibetanus attracts and fascinates our hearts.

Helleborus thibetanus, an oriental beauty

It is quite difficult to grow them, however, I would rather like to take the challenge!!!
!
2009年○月○日  第11回 ○○セミナー
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